Most of us love to distribute our python programs to others once you have finished coding a neat little script. For Windows users we package it using Py2exe or cx_freeze. However, many of the end-users will not be happy with a black command window popping up, say, when an error is thrown.
Of course the alternative is to write a full blown GUI application using WXPython or PyFLTK. Even the latter, though quite lightweight, adds several megabytes to the distribution, when all you need is a simple message-box indicating an error or showing some informational text. Clearly, its an overkill for your throwaway python scripts.
This is the kind of problem I typically face and I have found a good solution. The answer is ctypes library which comes as a part of the standard distribution from Python 2.5 onwards. It simply calls the messagebox function from user32.dll (which is always present in a windows installation). With the main problem solved, what remained was to obtain the error text and stack trace.
Let’s see how the code looks like:
# Importing all the works for a native Win32 Message Box from ctypes import c_int, WINFUNCTYPE, windll from ctypes.wintypes import HWND, LPCSTR, UINT prototype = WINFUNCTYPE(c_int, HWND, LPCSTR, LPCSTR, UINT) paramflags = (1, "hwnd", 0), (1, "text", "Hi"), (1, "caption", None), (1, "flags", 0) MessageBox = prototype(("MessageBoxA", windll.user32), paramflags) # For printing the stack import sys import traceback from time import sleep def show_popup(text): print text MessageBox(text=text, caption="Sample App Says...") def mainloop(): raise "Uff!" if __name__ == '__main__': try: mainloop() except: type, value, sys.last_traceback = sys.exc_info() lines = traceback.format_exception(type, value,sys.last_traceback) show_popup("Aiyooooo..... there has been an error!\n" + "Exception in user code:\n" + "".join(lines) + "===== Please mail a screenshot to email@example.com ====" ) finally: sleep(1) # show the console output for a second so that users can read it
EDIT: This is how it looks like in PyMail, one of my scripts-that-grew-into-an-app ;)